Gastric Issues:12 Problems You Should Be Wary Of

The workings of the human body is fascinating. The way several complex organ systems carry out such simple processes is mindblowing. The digestive system is one such organ system. However, with such intricate systems and the growing reckless human habits, there are chances of malfunctions or Gastric Issues.

As we read ahead, we would understand this and the Gastric Issues and digestive problem symptoms  in more detail.

What diseases affect the digestive system?

Gastric Issues or Digestive system diseases, symptoms and treatment vary from person to person. Most of the digestive system disorders are related to the stomach. It is important to know the stomach problem causes and find an immediate solution for the same. Following are the 12 problems that affect the digestive system. 

Celiac Disease

It is a gastrointestinal disorder resulting from gluten allergy. If a person having gluten allergy has food containing gluten, then it can cause damage to the villi. Villi has small hair on the inner side of the small bowel. It affects the small intestine, and the digestion process becomes weak, as absorbing the nutrients from the food becomes tough. With symptoms like fatigue, stomach pain, constipation and vomiting, this gastrointestinal disease treatment consists of  a strict diet with no gluten food, multivitamin supplementation and therapy if required.


Gastritis is caused by the inflammation of the protective lining of the stomach. A weak stomach line causes digestive juices to inflame the stomach causing gastritis. Symptoms are nausea, vomiting and indigestion. Now questions like: how long does it take for stomach lining to heal or how long does gastritis take to heal may concern you. Well, it depends upon the treatment. On one hand, it can be cured within ten days to four weeks whereas, on the other hand, it can last for years if the disease is serious and not diagnosed. 

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Here, the stomach acid fills up into the oesophagus and causes a burning sensation. This is known as GERD. How to cure acidity permanently can be a cause of concern for many. By taking counter antacids and having a balanced diet, we can avoid acid reflux. If the condition doesn’t improve and  the symptoms are repetitive, it’s better you book an appointment with a gastrologist.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

It’s a gastrointestinal condition in which the large intestines muscle contracts frequently. The bowel movement is imbalanced, and symptoms range from stomach cramps, diarrhoea to constipation. Stress or unsuitable food can  lead to this disorder. It is advisable to avoid eating high fibre meals and working out with nutrition or gastroenterologists for a proper diet plan. 


Constipation is a common digestive condition where the person has hard and dry bowel movements. It passes away generally in a couple of days, but if the condition prolongs, it needs expert attention. High fibre food, more water intake, and daily exercise can help in the treatment. It can lead to significant problems too if not diagnosed in the right time.

Lactose intolerance 

A person is unable to digest lactose in this disorder. Mild and distressing symptoms exist when someone consumes dairy products. The individual faces symptoms like gas, abdominal cramps and bloating. Treatment includes enzyme supplements and a mixture of prebiotics and probiotics are a part of this. 

Chronic Diarrhoea

Diarrhoea is when a person has loose and liquidy stools. This can result from digestive imbalance or food that is beyond the body’s level of tolerance. Chronic diarrhoea is severe, and symptoms like nausea, bloating, and abdominal cramps exist. The doctor can prescribe you some medicines, including some antibiotics and anti-diarrheal drugs. The patient should follow a low fibre diet, drink more water and reduce meal proportion.

Chronic Pancreatitis 

Chronic pancreatitis is the condition of the inflamed pancreas that does not heal independently and gets worse by the time. It lasts for months or even years if not treated. Some of the symptoms are diarrhoea, upper abdominal pain, vomiting and nausea. The symptoms may worsen as time passes. Surgery, in this case, is very rare. The doctor may perform an endoscopy to clear blockage and relief pain.

Peptic Ulcer Disease

This is a gastrointestinal condition where the inner lining of the stomach develops ulcer and sores. It occurs when the mucus layer, which protects the stomach lining, diminishes. This layer can be reduced because of ageing, infection or taking some medications. Symptoms like nausea, bloating and burning sensations in the upper abdomen subsist. 


Gallstones are similar to kidney stones, however, here they’re present in the gallbladder.  The size of the stone may vary. High cholesterol and waste in the bile can lead to this condition. Gallstones can block the ducts leading from the gallbladder to the intestine, which causes a lot of pain in the upper right abdomen. There are medications to dissolve the gallstone, however, in some cases, surgery is recommended. 


Haemorrhoids are swollen veins in the lower part of the anus and rectum. It is also known as piles. These blood vessels located may inflict pain during the bowel movements. It might lead to bleeding and causing pain if not dealt properly. Haemorrhoids cause chronic constipation, diarrhoea. It can eventually be treated by eating more fibre, drinking more water. 


A diverticular type of disease is severe, where a set of circumstances leads to imbalances in the digestive system. By forming small pockets known as diverticula in the colon of the large intestine, they swell along with the waste thus causing diverticulitis. This disease can lead to mild or severe problems such as rectal bleeding. Symptoms like fever, getting chills, nausea and vomiting, and bloody stool are present. It’s advisable that you consult an expert if you notice any of these symptoms.