Dumping syndrome can happen after stomach or esophagus surgery. It makes food move too fast from your stomach into your small intestine. This causes problems like nausea, vomiting, cramps, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. But, you can control these symptoms with the right treatment. This article will cover different ways to treat dumping syndrome. It includes changes in what you eat, using certain drugs, and in some cases, surgery. We aim to help you choose the best approach for your situation.

Understanding Dumping Syndrome

What is Dumping Syndrome?

Dumping syndrome happens when food goes too fast from the stomach to the small intestine. This is common after stomach or esophageal surgeries like gastric bypass. It can cause bad symptoms like nausea, abdominal cramps, and low blood sugar. These can include vomiting and diarrhea as well.

Symptoms and Causes

There are two types of dumping syndrome symptoms: early and late. Early symptoms show up in the first 30 minutes after eating. Late symptoms appear 1-3 hours after a meal. Different surgeries, the food speed from the stomach, and what you eat can cause dumping syndrome.

It can make you feel very sick. These include abdominal cramps, diarrhea, nausea, and dizziness. You might also have a rapid heart rate and feel weak. In bad cases, you may need medicine or surgery.

Gastric bypass surgery and a few others can make you more likely to get dumping syndrome. Changes in parts of your stomach can also do this. But, even if you haven’t had surgery, it can still happen.

Changing what you eat after surgery can stop dumping syndrome.

Diagnostic Tests for Dumping Syndrome

Doctors check for dumping syndrome using several methods. They take a detailed medical history and look at your symptoms. Then, they do different tests.

Medical History and Evaluation

Your doctor will talk with you about past surgeries. Particularly, surgeries on your stomach or esophagus. They’ll also ask about when your symptoms happen and how bad they are.

Blood Sugar Test

Next, they might do a blood sugar test. This measures your blood sugar when your symptoms are the worst. Sometimes dumping syndrome is linked to low blood sugar.

Gastric Emptying Test

Your doctor could also suggest a gastric emptying test. In this test, they mix a radioactive substance into your food. Then they track how fast your stomach empties it. These tests help doctors confirm dumping syndrome and plan the best treatment.

Dietary Strategies for Dumping Syndrome Treatment

One key way to address [dietary treatment for dumping syndrome] is changing what you eat. Here are some tips to help:

Eat Smaller, Frequent Meals

Eat small meals often, instead of big meals only a few times a day. This change can make food move from your stomach to your small intestine slower.

Lie Down After Meals

After you eat, lie down for about 30 minutes. This can slow the digestion of your food.

Limit Fluid Intake with Meals

Don’t drink too much during meals. Drinking a lot can empty your stomach too quickly. Try to drink water or other drinks in between meals instead.

Modify Your Diet

Change what you eat to include more protein, complex carbs, and fiber. These can slow the absorption of nutrients. Stay away from [foods to avoid for dumping syndrome], like sugary snacks and drinks.

Increase Fiber Intake

Try to eat more foods with soluble fiber. Things like pectin and guar gum can thicken the contents of your gut. This slows down how quickly food moves through your intestines.

dietary treatment for dumping syndrome

Medications for Dumping Syndrome Treatment

If diet changes don’t help enough with your dumping syndrome symptoms, your doctor might give you medicine. There are two common medicines for this condition.

Octreotide (Sandostatin)

This medicine is given as a shot. It slows down how fast your stomach gets empty. Side effects can include feeling sick, diarrhea, and fatty poo.

Acarbose (Prandase, Precose)

Acarbose helps with the symptoms of late dumping syndrome by slowing how your body takes in carbs. It might make you feel bloated, have diarrhea, or be gassy.

Your doctor will pick the right medicine and dose for you. They will help manage your dumping syndrome symptoms well.

medications for dumping syndrome

Surgical Interventions for Dumping Syndrome

If changing your diet or taking medicines doesn’t help with dumping syndrome, a doctor might suggest surgery. There are two main surgeries to help with dumping syndrome.

Reconstructing the Pylorus

One option is to change the pylorus, which is the path from the stomach to the small intestine. This helps food move out of the stomach more slowly. It’s useful for people who started having dumping syndrome after stomach surgeries.

Reversing Gastric Bypass Surgery

Another solution is to undo the gastric bypass surgery for those with already existing dumping syndrome. By doing this, the way the food travels through the system can return to normal. This eases the symptoms of dumping syndrome.

These surgeries aren’t common and are only used for serious cases of dumping syndrome. Your doctor will check if surgery is the best choice for you.

Surgical options for dumping syndrome

Complementary and Alternative Therapies

Some people look beyond regular medicine to help with dumping syndrome. They might try things like pectin and guar gum supplements. These fibers can make stomach contents thicker and slow their move through the gut. This might help reduce dumping syndrome symptoms.

Pectin and Guar Gum Supplements

Citrus pectin from tangerine peel can slow down how fast your gut processes food. This helps make bowel movements less watery and can ease dumping syndrome signs. Also, guar gum is known to help with dumping syndrome symptoms.

But, always talk to your doctor before trying any new supplements. They could interfere with your medication or cause side effects. Working with your healthcare team is key to safely adding any new therapies to your treatment. This way, you ensure they work well and are safe.

Preparing for Your Doctor’s Appointment

Could you be having dumping syndrome? If so, book a meeting with your healthcare provider. Before you go, keep these tips in mind:

  • Be aware of any pre-appointment restrictions, such as dietary changes, that your doctor may have asked you to make.
  • Make a list of your symptoms, including when they occur and any factors that seem to worsen or improve them.
  • Compile a list of your current medications, vitamins, and supplements.
  • Bring any relevant medical records, especially related to any previous stomach or esophageal surgeries.
  • Consider bringing a family member or friend to your appointment to help you remember important details.
  • Write down any questions you have for your doctor, such as the potential causes of your symptoms, the best course of treatment, and any lifestyle modifications you should make.

Getting ready for your appointment well can lead to a better diagnosis and plan for your dumping syndrome. Early dumping syndrome often goes away by itself in three months, and changing your diet might help a lot. If changes in diet don’t help, your doctor could give you octreotide (Sandostatin) to try. If that’s not enough, surgery might be an option.

Taking the lead and sharing all your symptoms and health history with the doctor is key. It can help you both pick the best plan to fight your dumping syndrome.


To manage dumping syndrome well, it takes a many-sided plan. This plan should tackle the root issues and reduce symptoms. Changing what you eat, like having small meals more often and not drinking during meals, really helps. But, if this isn’t enough, doctors might suggest medicines such as octreotide or acarbose. These can make you feel better.

Sometimes, if dumping syndrome is very bad or won’t go away, you might need surgery. This could be fixing the pylorus or un-doing a gastric bypass. Adding pectin or guar gum to your diet might also ease your symptoms. It’s key to work closely with your doctor to decide what’s best for you. This way, you can really control dumping syndrome and feel well again.

Early or late, learning your treatment options and teaming up with your doctor is important. It puts you back in charge of your stomach’s health and makes life better. By sticking to a plan that’s made just for you, your symptoms can be controlled. Then, you can live well and happy.


What is Dumping Syndrome?

Dumping syndrome can happen after stomach or esophageal surgery. It makes food and liquid leave the stomach too fast. This leads to many uncomfortable symptoms.

What are the Symptoms of Dumping Syndrome?

You might feel sick to your stomach or throw up with dumping syndrome. There can be bad cramps, lots of trips to the bathroom, and low blood sugar. Some of these signs show up right after eating, while others wait a few hours.

What are the causes of dumping syndrome

Certain surgeries, like gastric bypass, can trigger dumping syndrome. The type of food and how fast it leaves your stomach also play a big part.

How is Dumping Syndrome Diagnosed?

Doctors diagnose dumping syndrome by checking your health history and symptoms. They might also do tests like checking your blood sugar or how fast your stomach empties.

What Dietary Strategies Can Help Manage Dumping Syndrome?

Changing what you eat is the main way to treat this syndrome. Eat smaller but more meals. Rest after eating and drink less before or after meals. Choose foods with more protein and fiber, plus add more soluble fiber to your diet.

What Medications are Used to Treat Dumping Syndrome?

Medicines can also help if diet changes aren’t enough. Your doctor might give you octreotide or acarbose to lessen the symptoms.

What Surgical Options are Available for Treating Dumping Syndrome?

If other treatments don’t work, surgery could be an option. This might mean fixing the pylorus or changing a gastric bypass surgery.

Can Complementary Therapies Help with Dumping Syndrome?

Some people try supplements like pectin and guar gum. These can slow down food in the gut and ease symptoms.

How Can I Prepare for My Doctor’s Appointment for Dumping Syndrome?

Before seeing your doctor, remember any instructions they gave you. Make notes of your symptoms, health history, and medications. Also, write down any questions you want to ask your doctor.

Source Links

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK470542/
  2. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dumping-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20371915
  3. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dumping-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20371922
  4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10637186/
  5. http://proceedings.med.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/INTEGRATIVE-MEDICAL-THERAPY-FOR-DUMPING-SYNDROME-edited.pdf
  6. https://www.altru.org/health-library/conditions/dumping-syndrome