There are trillions of microorganisms, viruses, and fungi in the human body. A maximum of these microbes exist in your digestive tracts and skin. An individual has approximately 400 types of essential gut bacteria. While certain bacteria can inflict disease, countless other kinds are critical for your health.

Many people are unaware of the vital role that gut health plays in our modern lives. So firstly, let us talk about what is gut in the human body. In human anatomy, the intestine is the section of the gastrointestinal lot reaching out from the stomach’s pyloric sphincter to the rear-end in mammals. The enzymes in your stomach digest foods you eat; nutrients are absorbed and used by your body to fuel itself. So assuming your gut is imbalanced and your immune system isn’t working as it should, your serotonin and chemicals will not work efficiently either. So basically, by controlling digestion, the immune system, the central nervous system, and other bodily functions, the gut microbiome affects the entire body from birth and throughout life.

Types of gut bacteria

They have a terrible standing when it comes to bacteria. They are behind various illnesses. Some are bad gut bacteria, but they are crucial for our endurance. These microscopic organisms assist individuals with processing food and absorbing supplements.

Bifidobacteria is one of the most significant parts of the great gut bacteria living in the gut. They start colonizing the gastrointestinal system very quickly after we conceive. Therefore, Bifidobacterium bifidum may help Safeguard against undesirable bacteria.

Bifidobacteria infantis are remembered to assist with freeing the side effects of IBS, like stomach agony, gas, and swelling.

Gut microbiome and its effects on the body.

Gut bacteria are arranged by their activities into good gut bacteria and harmful gut bacteria.

Good gut bacteria have well-being support and anti-ageing impacts, for example, assisting digestion and absorption and stimulating immunity.

Good gut bacteria list and their effects:-

Bifidobacteria, lactic acid bacteria, Saccharomyces boulardii, Streptococcus thermophilus, etc. These gut bacteria play a significant part in human existence as they assist with Vitamin blend, aid in digestion and absorption, contamination avoidance, and immunity stimulation.

Bad gut bacteria list and their effect:-

Staphylococcus, Norovirus, E.coli (toxic strain), Campylobacter, Listeria, Clostridium perfringens, etc. These bacteria are dangerous to their hosts because they are known for digestive putrefaction, creation of bacterial poison, production of cancer-causing substances, gas production, and triggering various diseases.

Bacterial gatherings in the gut change with age. The level of bad bacteria increments as you become older. When an infant drinks bosom milk, bifidobacteria begin to develop, utilizing the lactose and galactooligosaccharides in bosom milk as a wellspring of nourishment. A child’s stool is yellowish and doesn’t smell because its digestive climate is overwhelmed by bifidobacteria. Whereas in grown-ups, bifidobacteria represent 10-20% of digestive bacteria. In most elderly cases, bifidobacteria will have diminished as a rule, and terrible bacteria, such as clostridium perfringens, which are not recognized in youth, are highly likely to be identified.

Ways to improve gut bacteria

What kills good gut bacteria? The consumption of food that is high in fat and sugar and low in fiber can kill specific types of good stomach bacteria, weakening your microbiota. Even the antibiotics we take to heal our bodies can clear out healthy microscopic organisms alongside hazardous microorganisms.

Now let us have a look at bad bacteria in the gut symptoms:-

  • Upset stomach
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Poor sleep cycle
  • Extreme food cravings, especially sugar
  • Rapid weight changes
  • Itches on the skin
  •  autoimmune problems
  • Or mood swings

So how to starve bad gut bacteria and improve your gut health?

There are numerous approaches to kill bad gut bacteria, that is, by drug anti-toxins and enhancements. Yet, no one can be certain of all that you killing or the thump on impacts of conceivably clearing out the entire networks of microbes. The most effective way to ensure a balanced and diverse microbiome is to increase the growth of ‘good’ bacteria in hopes of restoring balance to the microbiome rather than eradicating the bad bacteria.

Few ways in which you can improve your gut health are listed below:-

  1. Reduce stress levels.
  2. Prioritize your sleep,
  3. Chew your food thoroughly to promote better digestion and absorption of nutrients,
  4. Drink plenty of fluids,
  5. Add a prebiotic/probiotic to your diet,
  6. Increase your fiber intake.

Doctor Nivedita is one of the most committed and energetic gastroenterologists in Saket, Delhi, who has an understanding of sixteen years in this field. Her expertise includes treating hepatitis, colitis, gastrointestinal endoscopic mucosal resections, and other gastrointestinal-related conditions. However, her desire has generally been to accomplish something beyond treating her patients.

Therefore, she entertains creative, innovative ideas beyond the limitations of clinics to find better ways to treat them. Besides investigating heftiness, she studies stress and its relationship to unhealthy diets.


The human gut is more intricate than recently suspected and affects the entire body’s wellbeing. A sound gut good reliable immune system, heart wellbeing, cerebrum soundness, improved state of mind, healthy rest, and successful digestion and absorption of nutrients. It might assist with forestalling a few cancers and autoimmune diseases. There are various ways of life transformations you can make to absolutely influence your gut well-being and general health.