Stomach problems for stomach pain refer to the discomfort felt near the chest and the pelvis area. The stomach carries out several important functions in our body, such as – digesting the food that we eat, storing it and absorbing nutrients from the food. Hence, it is important that we take great care of the stomach and give importance to what we are consuming on a daily basis.

What causes stomach problems?  

Stomach problems can be three types, acute, chronic and progressive. Depending upon the type of pain, the disease and the symptoms, one can understand the causes of abdominal pain. Abdominal pain can be felt as a result of several reasons. Major arteries and heart vein pass through the stomach. Apart from this, there are several muscles in the stomach area. Any irregularities or failure in the functioning of an organ can afflict pain near the abdominal area. Thus,  there can be several underlying causes of abdominal pain.

When to see a digestive expert?

If you experience any of the causes below or face severe stomach problems, you must immediately consult a digestive expert.

Here are some common causes of stomach pain – 


This is a common condition, and almost everyone in their life has had the problem of gas or bloating. Gas is caused because of bacteria in the small intestine that breaks down the food that is not tolerated by the body. Gas can occur because of drinking carbonated drinks. However, increased pressure on the intestine because of gas can lead to stomach pain. Eating healthy food and exercising can help in relieving gas. 


Gastroenteritis is also known as stomach flu, is the inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract– the stomach and the intestine. This disease is characterized by severe stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. Contact with a person who already has this disease or consuming contaminated food can lead to this distressing condition. 

Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is very common that can inflict stomach pain. Here the large intestine is affected, and one may experience symptoms such as diarrhoea, cramping, bloating, constipation, stomach pain and loose motion, etc. The main cause of this disorder is usually an infection. Frequent bowels can lead to loss of nutrients. Hence, it’s advisable to consult nutrition counselling services to make up for the lost nutrients. 


Vomiting is yet another common problem that most of us have experienced in life.  There can be several causes for throwing up. While vomiting, one forcefully throws up the contents of the stomach through the mouth, which causes irritation to the tissues in the stomach and oesophagus along the way. Alcohol abuse can also lead to vomiting. One may experience severe stomach pain after drinking alcohol

Pulled or strained muscles

Your routine activities or other exercises can easily lead to the straining of muscles. Doing more sit-ups, squats or extreme exercising and weight lifting can lead to pulling of muscles. 

Food intolerances 

One can experience stomach pain after eating food that their body can’t tolerate. Usually, many people have lactose intolerance or gluten intolerances. The products having lactose such as milk or dairy and gluten food items such as wheat, rye, barley, etc., can affect the health of the person. One may experience stomach pain and vomiting when they consume such food items. 

GERD or Acid Reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition of frequent heartburns where the contents of the stomach move up to the oesophagus. 

Peptic Ulcers

Peptic ulcers are also known as ‘Stomach ulcers‘, are formed on the inner layer of the stomach, lower oesophagus or small intestine. Usually caused by bacteria, these are open sores or ulcers that can inflict great pain to the person. A person may experience heartburns, nausea, vomiting, or burning pain in the upper stomach area as symptoms of a peptic ulcer. 

Menstrual Cramps 

At times, severe menstrual cramps too can lead to stomach ache. This can be because of an underlying condition such as endometriosis. Endometriosis is an inflammatory condition where the tissue that grows on the lining of the uterus starts growing on other parts of the body. It can inflict great pain and cramps during the monthly cycle. 


Stomach cancer is a progressive disorder. Hence attention must be paid at the very beginning when one notices the symptoms in order to stop cancer from growing. You can get a quick diagnosis and medical advice through the teleconsultation available through several mobile applications or online.

If you experience stomach pain persistently for a long time, it’s advisable to consult the best Hepatologist in India for a quick medical check-up. They may prescribe you some effective stomach pain medicines.

Home remedies to cure stomach pain 

One can cure stomach pain through simple home remedies. Some of them are as follows- 

  1. Drinking hot, boiled water. 
  2. Avoiding alcohol consumption and smoking
  3. Eating fresh fruits and vegetables. A balanced and healthy diet is a must for a healthy being. 
  4. Stomach pain can be cured through ginger, cumin, etc. 
  5. One should avoid junk food and spicy foods, including a lot of fat and the ones that are too oily.

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