The term gall bladder disease is used for several kinds of conditions that can affect the gall bladder. A hollow and small organ that lies slightly beneath the liver and where bile is stored and concentrated before its release into the intestine is the Gall bladder definition. Bile helps indigestion. The gall bladder functions primarily as a storage site for bile before its release into the intestine in response to meals. 

Understanding Gall bladder anatomy can help in understanding the disease. The four-inch, pear-shaped structure located on the right side of the abdomen is a part of the biliary tract. It has an absorbent lining that stores the bile in concentrate form. When food enters the small intestine, the gall bladder contracts due to releasing a hormone and secretes the bile into the small intestine to aid digestion

Inflammation causes the majority of Gall bladder disease due to irritation in the lining of gall bladder walls. Pain, nausea, vomiting, chronic diarrhea, unusual stool, or urine are common Gall bladder disease symptoms. A gall bladder operation will be recommended if you have experienced several episodes of gall bladder inflammation. 

Gall Bladder Disease 

A person could be affected by any of the gall bladder diseases: 

  • Gallstones: Gall stones form when substances from the blood of the bile form hard stone-like particles that block the passage to the bile duct and gall bladder. They also develop when the gall bladder doesn’t empty. The gall bladder stones can range from the size of a grain of sand to a golf ball. 
  • Cholecystitis: It is the most common form of gall bladder disease. It can either be acute or chronic inflammation of the gall bladder. Gallstones, tumors, or some illnesses may cause acute cholecystitis. After frequent attacks of acute cholecystitis, the pear-shaped structure loses its ability to store and release bile. This condition leads to chronic cholecystitis.
  • Choledocholithiasis: When the neck of the gall bladder or the bile ducts gets blocked due to gallstones, the bile cannot exit, leading to inflammation.
  • Acalculous Gall Bladder Disease: It occurs when inflammation of the gall bladder occurs even without the development of gall stones. The symptoms are usually similar to acute cholecystitis. 
  • Biliary dyskinesia: The disease occurs when the gall bladder has less than normal functioning. Though symptoms like abdominal pain, bloating, indigestion, and nausea are present, the absence of gallstones also marks the disease. 
  • Sclerosing Cholangitis: The inflammation and damage to the bile duct system lead to this disease, also known as scarring. Though symptoms do not occur with this disease, some people may experience general symptoms like jaundice, itching, fever, and abdominal pain.

Reach out to your gastro surgeon in Delhi, if you or someone you know experiences unusual abdominal pain.

Gall bladder Disease Causes 

Science has not yet been fully able to ascertain what causes gall bladder pain. Inflammation usually causes most gall bladder diseases. However, they are more likely to develop when:

  • There is the presence of excess cholesterol in the bile. Bile is needed for digestion usually dissolves cholesterol. But if it cannot do that, extra cholesterol may form stones.
  • There is the presence of excess bilirubin in your bile. Some infections, blood disorders, and conditions like cirrhosis can cause the liver to produce excess bilirubin.
  • The gall bladder does not empty fully. This can lead the bile to become concentrated, thus developing stones.

Gall bladder Disease Symptoms

Some common symptoms that represent gall bladder disease are:

  • The most commonly occurring gall bladder stone symptom is pain in the abdomen. Occurring usually in the midsection or right part of the abdomen, the pain can radiate to other areas of the body. It can be mild and occurring at intervals or frequently occurring and severe pain.
  • Everyone who experiences gallbladder problems generally experiences vomiting and nausea. 
  • The presence of an unexplained fever points to the fact of infection.
  • The chronic gall bladder can lead to more than four bowel movements for a minimum of three months. 
  • If you have other digestive problems including heartburn, indigestion, and gas, you need to consult the best gastroenterologist in Patna or best doctor in Patna for stomach. 
  • Yellow-colored skin or eyes.
  • Dark urine or light-colored stool

Gallbladder Risk Factors

Several factors increase the risk of developing gallstones. Seek medical assistance from your doctor if any of these are present:

  • Being diabetic
  • Being age 60 years or older
  • Being overweight
  • Having a family history of gallstones
  • Being female
  • Having cirrhosis or any other liver disease. You should immediately contact a liver cirrhosis specialist doctor in India.
  • Having Crohn’s disease

Gall bladder Diagnosis

When you consult your doctor, you will be asked questions about your medical history. He will also perform a physical abdomen examination to assess gallbladder pain. One or more of the following procedures may be performed:

  • Physical exam
  • Medical history
  • Abdomen and chest X-ray
  • Ultrasound
  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • HIDA scan
  • Other tests 

Gall Bladder Treatment Options

 Certain conditions increase the risk of developing gallstones. Making changes to the lifestyle like reducing weight, keeping a check on diabetes, increasing physical activity can help in reducing the likelihood of gallstone formation. Talk to your online gastroenterologist doctor or best physician in Jammu about safe practices and lifestyle changes. 

The first step in medical treatment of gall bladder disease is treating gallbladder pain and reducing inflammation with pain medications. Many people find it difficult to manage gallbladder pain and its symptoms. Discuss with your gastro & liver clinic Patna Bihar to form the best treatment plan.

Gall bladder stone operations are considered the most effective method for treating gall bladder disease. The surgery is performed either by incising the abdomen or by laparoscopic methods, i.e. minimally invasive. It enables a faster recovery. The operations are performed at major hospitals including max hospital liver specialist hospital.

Complications of Gall bladder Disease

Any disease that affects the functioning of the gall bladder is a gall bladder disease. Potential Gallbladder issues are inflammation of the gall bladder, gallstones, common bile duct stones, perforation or a hole in the gallbladder, and intestine obstruction. 

Immediately make an appointment with your NCR gastro liver clinic Gurgaon or consult a gastroenterologist online free if you have symptoms that you cannot explain. Seek immediate medical care from the best hepatologist or best gastroenterologist in Delhi if you develop: 

  • Intense abdominal pain.
  • Yellowing of whites of the eye and skin
  • Chills and high fever

For getting expert advice or consultation, call +91 98994 79984 and book your appointment.

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