What are gastroenterology diseases?

Any functional disorder in organs such as oesophagus and stomach, liver, pancreas and biliary tract, the small and large intestine can result in an imbalance of these operative organs can be stated as a gastroenterology disease. The food which travels in our body goes through numerous processes and is digested and expelled later on. Failure or irregularity in any gland can cause this disease. Gastroenterology is a study of this whole process, and the expert is known as a gastrologist and gastroenterologist.

What are gastroenterology symptoms?

Quite often we experience a stomach upset, however, we don’t know if it is a temporary occurrence or a digestive disorder. The range of its intensity varies from mild to severe. If the discomfort is repetitive, and if it is painful, your body might be facing a digestive condition. Suppose you are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned below then you might need to seek consultation from the best Gastroenterologist in India.

  • Bloating

Bloating and excessive gas is a symptom of GI disorders, it can happen due to Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) or Intolerance by eating something which reacts within the digestive system. 

  • Constipation

Fewer bowel movements are signs of constipation, and it’s a common symptom for the irregular digestive system. If it is recurring, then it can be chronic constipation, a recognized GI disorder.

  • Diarrhoea

Irritable bowel syndrome is resulting in watery stools and frequent bowel movements. Chronic Diarrhea can last longer than two days.

  • Nausea & Vomiting

It indicates an infection in the GI tract, digestive glands, gallbladder, pancreatitis. Nausea is a sign of extreme pain, and vomiting can be due to non-digestion of food.

  • Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain can be a signal of Ulcer, Irritable bowel syndrome or diverticulitis. Persistent pain needs to be shown to a physician quickly.

Why would you see a gastroenterologist?

Your gastrointestinal tract might need some specific care from the expert. Your primary care doctor will refer you to a specialist if they detect any serious problems. If you have a digestive disorder and need medical attention to those symptoms, a gastroenterologist helps in treating these problems and symptoms.

The above symptoms can lead to severe digestive problems so better to get a prescription from the specialist.

What to tell your gastroenterologist?

When you are being examined by a gastroenterologist, these are the few important things that you should consider telling them.  

  • The symptoms that you are facing.
  • If you have any pain, where does it pain in your body?
  • Your daily routine and eating habits.
  • Any intolerance of some food or food allergies.
  • When did the symptoms start?
  • If your symptoms get better or worse by time?
  • Anything else that you think or feel within your body is an odd moment or causes you irritability in your daily routine.

What does a gastroenterologist do on the first visit?

on the first visit to a gastroenterologist, they may ask you :

  • some questions about your symptoms
  •  Any previous medical history that you have.
  • Any other illness or gone through surgery before.
  • Some other questions to understand what the patient is facing help the gastroenterologist get a good insight and support an accurate diagnosis.

The gastroenterologist will do a check-up and prescribe you a few medical tests if necessary. If a patient has chronic diarrhoea or constipation, it can develop Hemorrhoids as well. 

Haemorrhoids can develop from straining during bowel movements which increase the pressure in the lower rectum. If these symptoms prevail, you should see a gastroenterologist or proctologist. For Hemorrhoids, gastroenterologist or proctologist are the experts. However, gastroenterologists treat patients with internal medicines.

Gastroenterologists can provide non-surgical treatments as well as procedures like endoscopy and diagnose the haemorrhoids with intensive care. In comparison, a proctologist can also treat Hemorrhoids and offer surgical options for haemorrhoids only if the case is severe, but do gastroenterologist remove haemorrhoids?

The answer is a Yes. A gastroenterologist is an expert in treating the digestive disorder, which also includes haemorrhoids. They can indeed diagnose it, but they don’t perform surgery, which is painful and takes time to recover.

Gastroenterology treatment

A Gastroenterologist treats patients with internal medicine as a subspeciality. They assess the patient and suggest the treatment and supervise if needed. Looking in a wide range of symptoms and conditions they do various procedures which are required. Some of them are: 


Endoscopy is a procedure through which one can look in the human body through a thin tube with an attached camera via the mouth. It records images and sends them to the screen to monitor. More insights on a wave of persistent heartburn, nausea, vomiting, and bleeding are performed.

Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy

Colonoscopy is the same as endoscopy, however, here the scope is inserted through the rectum. Colonoscopy covers the entire colon appearance, whereas sigmoidoscopy shows the lower colon. A Gastroenterologist might be looking for early stages of colon or rectum cancer.

A Gastroenterologist performs a proper process of medications, tests, and treatments considering the symptoms and the disorders. Precautions and expertise are indeed essential and better than late. The better the digestive system, the smoother our life gets.

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